Gang Crimes

Penal Code 186.22 PC is an important part of the California STEP Act (Street Terrorism Enforcement and Prevention Act). It also serves as a guideline for the state’s street gang enhancement law.
Subsection (a) of Penal Code 186.22 PC presents the legal definition of “participation in a gang”, which is a crime in California:
● A person must actively participate in a gang
● They must know that the gang engages in criminal gang activity
● They must willfully assist, further, or promote felonious conduct by the gang’s members.
California law defines a “criminal street gang” as three or more people with a common name or identifier (i.e. a sign or symbol) who commit certain criminal offenses as one of their primary activities. Examples include robbery, drive-by shooting, and murder.