In California a person can be charged with assault even if their actions did not result on any kind of injury. Penal Code 240 PC, the state’s assault law, legally defines assault as an act that:

  1. by its nature would probably result in the use of force against another person
  2. was wilfully committed
  3. was committed with the awareness that it would result in the application of force to the other person
  4. involved a perpetrator capable of applying that force to the other person